Updated Jul 29, 2019

Improved Agronomic Practices for Starting Seeds: African Indigenous Vegetables

Part of Rutgers University

Improved agronomic practices to enhance germination and growth of African Indigenous Vegetables such as but not limited to Amaranthus spp., Solanum spp., and Cleome spp.


Jim Simon

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Stage 4: Transition to Scale

Technology was designed/ tested by partners in Kenya (KALRO and AMPATH), Zambia (Hantambo Women's Grouop and University of Zambia), and Tanzania (WorldVeg Center). Methods were then transferred to participating farmers in Kenya and Zambia.

Focus Areas:

Cultivation & Tools, Processing & Production and Soil Management

Cultivation & Tools, Processing & Production and Soil ManagementSEE LESS

Implemented In:

Kenya and Zambia

Kenya and ZambiaSEE LESS

Lives Impacted to Date
Countries Implemented In
Verified Funding


Poor production outcomes, yield and quality, of African Indigenous Vegetables. i) Seeds of AIVs are very small, needing care as to not plant too many wasting seeds and need well prepared land for good germination and emergence ii). Broadcasting method of planting makes operations such as weeding difficult. iii). Lack of farmer awareness on proper spacing of AIV. iv). About 75% of AIVs is sourced from informal seed system and quality of seed may not be certain.



Select best practices for African Indigenous Vegetable seed starting and train farmers on improved practices.

Target Beneficiaries

Smallholder farmers in Zambia and western Kenya

Innovation Description

Various methods for planting of AIV seed, introduced by underlying theory with benefits and potential issues for each method. Practical demonstrations provided in-field with farmers.


Jul 2017
Lives Impacted
Jul 2017
New Product Or Service
Training protocol developed and piloted. Trained over 1000 farmers in 70 farmer groups in Kenya. Follow-up survey indicates high adoption rates.
Jan 2016
New Country Implemented In
Date Unknown
New Country Implemented In

Supporting Materials