Updated Aug 14, 2019

Best Management Practices for Milk Production and Handling

Part of University of Rwanda

The innovation is a package of best practices for the prevention and control of udder inflammation (mastitis) by that together with centralized milk quality control can help improve dairy milk productivity and quality.


Jean baptiste Ndahetuye

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Stage 3: Proof of Concept

Focus Areas:

Livestock & Agriculture

Livestock & AgricultureSEE LESS

Implemented In:



Country Implemented In
Verified Funding


Sub-clinical mastitis can not be detected by the farmers with the tools to do so and can reduce milk production significantly. Poor udder health combined with unhygienic handling causes economic loss and also affects health of consumers.



These best practices for milk production and handling address gaps in current smallholder practices for milk production and handling as it relates to udder health and milk quality. Management practices that this innovation transfers to farmers include proper cow shed hygiene, proper milking routine, proper monitoring of sub clinical mastitis in dairy cows, and proper post-harvest handling of milk. Together this best practice innovation helps smallholders increase milk production and quality.

Target Beneficiaries

Smallholder, producers, milk collection centers, milk processors and consumers.

Innovation Description

The California Mastitis Test (CMT) is a simple and a useful technique for detecting sub-clinical cases of mastitis in dairy animals. This test can be used by extension agents to provide farmers a visual aid to identify an otherwise invisible problem. The widespread CMT use together with milk quality control at the Milk Collection Centers will help smallholders increase milk production.

Competitive Advantage

Other tests for detecting mastitis are not as easy to use as the California Mastitis Test

The Team Behind the Innovation

Jean Baptiste Ndahetuye (Principal Investigator) from the University of Rwanda teamed up University of Rwanda colleagues including Juvenal Djangwani and faculty from Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU) and the National Veterinary Institute in Sweden to implement this program. Key implementing partners from Sweden included Renée Båge, Karin Artursson, and Ylva Persson. This research was supported by the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Livestock Systems.


Feb 2018
Date Unknown
Funds RaisedVERIFIED
TITLEMilk Production Practices, Udder Health and their Impact on Milk Quality, Safety and Processability in Rwanda
Livestock & Agriculture
Implemented InRwanda
Date Unknown
New Country Implemented In

Supporting Materials