Updated Jun 10, 2019

Multi-crop planters for the 2-wheel tractor

Part of CIMMYT

Precision planting for small tractor platforms


Timothy j. Krupnik

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Stage 3: Proof of Concept

CSISA technically backstops local stakeholders (mostly government projects and NGOs) to identify the right models of seed drills so that the service providers who operate seed drills can use the machine throughout the year for multiple crops.

Focus Areas:

Soil Management

Soil ManagementSEE LESS

Implemented In:



Lives Impacted to Date
Country Implemented In
Verified Funding


Poor yields and high labor costs associated with manual cereal crop establishment.



CSISA is making precision planting by machinery accessible to smallholders who have access to 2-wheel tractors.

Target Beneficiaries

All staple crop farmers who cultivate their fields with 2-wheel tractors.

Innovation Description

Crop establishment in South Asia continues to be a labor-intensive endeavor with hand broadcasting or dibbling being the normal practice among smallholders who cultivate wheat, maize, and pulses. This decreases profitability by increasing labor costs while reducing yields to due improper crop row-to-row and plant-to-plant spacing. Farmers who rely on small tractor platforms have not had the option of mechanized planting due to an absence of scale-appropriate equipment in South Asia. With manufacturers in India, CSISA has addressed this gap by designed 'commercially ready' multi-crop drills. In Bangladesh and Nepal, CSISA has also adapted commercially available drills to improve their field performance

Competitive Advantage

Other multi-crop planters for 2-wheel tractors in South Asia are typically poorly designed, heavy, and too costly.

The Team Behind the Innovation

The Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) is led by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) and implemented by a team of scientists and change-makers with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI). Operating across South Asia, CSISA works to increase the adoption of resource-conserving and climate-resilient technologies and improves farmers’ access to markets and enterprise development.



Nov 2017
Lives Impacted
Nov 2014
New Country Implemented In